Learn & Earn: Career Pathways for Youth in the 21st Century

Anthony P. Carnevale, Andrew Hanson


This paper aims to provide a broad overview of the four major components of career pathways. It highlights the role of industry-based certifications and internships in the United States, examining the ethical question of whether internships are exploitative. Finally, it explains some of the advantages and disadvantages of the U.S. education and training system, and potential reforms that enhance its effectiveness at preparing young adults for the labor market

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