Socio-Economic Impact of Bonded Child Labour in Pakistan

Ashfaq U. Rehman, Muhammad Iqbal Shah, Khalid Khan, Ihsan Ullah Khan



Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to investigate the impacts of bonded child labour in the brick kiln industries. It aimed to analyse that how these children are exploited for less wages and increased work hours so that to highlight the complete violation of human rights in Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper analyses the literature on the socio-economic conditions of the children particularly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan and engages its theoretical development.

Findings –The paper analyses that the socio-economic conditions of the poor masses especially the children in KP, Pakistan are deteriorating day by day. Moreover, the poor policies of the government both federal and provincial to cater the needs of the underprivileged class are further worsening the situation.

Research limitations/implications – The research uses an analytical approach based on some empirical data to probe into the heart of this issue.

Originality/value – This paper traces out the policies being formulated by the government of Pakistan from time to time. However, there is a strong dichotomy between what the government is trying to convey and the ground realities in different parts of the country. This paper, therefore, investigates four distinguishing points: social conditions of bonded labour, exploitative strategies used for bonded labour, the extent of bonded child labour, pessimistic effects of hazardous child labour on the personality of the affected children.

Paper type – Mixed Method Approach (Quantitative and Quantitative data collection) has been adopted in this Paper.


Keywords -      Labour Reforms, Bonded Child Labour, Advance Money, Brick Kilns and Loan Burden.