Positive Discrimination in Labour Law: A Comparative Study between Egyptian and Saudi Legislation

Ola Farouk Azzam


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore positive discrimination in labor law. It points out that women, children and the disabled are positively discriminated in terms of working conditions and leave so that to highlight their legal status and working conditions in Egyptian and Saudi legislation.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper analyses the literature on the social, economic and physical conditions of children, the disabled and women, especially in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

Findings – The paper analyses that the legislator in Egypt and Saudi Arabia took into account the social, economic and physical conditions of some workers and then established positive discrimination for them.

Research limitations/implications – The research uses an analytical approach based on some empirical data.

Originality/value – This paper describes the objectives and reasons why the legislator, in Egypt or Saudi Arabia, regulates positive discrimination for some workers.

Paper type – Mixed Method Approach (Quantitative and Quantitative data collection) has been adopted in this paper.

Keywords – Positive discrimination; Vulnerable working groups; Child labor; Disabled persons; Women’s leave; Working conditions.