‘Green’ Collective Bargaining in France

Alexis Bugada, Véronique Cohen-Donsimoni


This article provides an overview of collective bargaining in France in relation to environmental sustainability. Rather than discussing all the green clauses laid down in collective agreements, this paper aims to identify the main trends in collective bargaining. It appears that company and sectorial bargaining, especially at transnational level, is the most active on this subject. However, there have been major developments at the interprofessional and branch level too, which raise the question of the impact of wide-ranging bargaining on narrower bargaining perimeters (the ‘trickle-down’ effect). The social partners are rather active in France, because the right to collective bargaining has been reformed favouring company-level negotiations and because recent legislation has placed environmental issues high on the agenda of collective labour relations.